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Timber Tiles Rivieria

 

Decking

 

 

Blackbutt

 

Eucalyptus Pilularis

Blackbutt is one of the most common species of hardwood commercially available from the coastal forests of NSW. It grows in the coastal forests of NSW from Bega on the south coast up to Maryborough in Queensland. The timber has a colour ranging from a golden yellow through to pale browns and also light Blonde boards. The colour range is subtle and is excellent where the colour requirement is light and neutral. The sapwood is distinctly lighter than the heartwood.

Blackbutt has natural features like Gum Veins and pin holes so when choosing Blackbutt you need to expect some visible natural features.
Class 1 durability above ground -Termite Resistant – BAL 29 – medium Leaching – Janka hardness 9.1
Standard sizes are- 42×19, 65×19, 86×19, 130×19, 136×22, 140×35 and others available.

Blackbutt Decking (2)

 

Blue Gum

 

Eucalyptus Saligna

Sydney Blue Gum is a tall tree, found along the New South Wales coastline extending from Batemans Bay in the south to southern Queensland. The timber is usually straight grained with a small percentage showing some interlocking grain. The texture is moderately coarse. The heartwood colour ranges from dark pink to reddish brown. The sapwood is typically distinctly paler in colour.

Class 2 durability above ground – not termite resistant – BAL Low- Slight Leaching – Janka hardness 9.0
Standard sizes are – 68×19, 86×19 and 135×22 others available

Bluegum

 

Brazilian Cherry

 

Manilkara bidentatao

Brazilian Cherry is an imported timber native to a large area of Northern South America, Central America and the Caribbean. It is a very clean timber with very little to no natural features with a unique colour tone that can only be described as a deep reddish colour with a slight Cherry tone.
When choosing Brazilian Cherry for your deck or screen you should know it is a very hard and heavy material so a little extra effort is required in cutting and drilling, which will only benefit you with a longer lasting deck.

Class 1 Durability above ground – Termite resistant – BAL Low – Non Leaching – Janka hardness 14.2
Standard sizes are – 40×19, 68×19, 90×19, 140×19 other sizes available

brazilian cherry

 

Cypress Pine

 

Callitris Glaucophylla

It is extremely hardy, surviving poor soil conditions and low rainfall. The heartwood is durable with an excellent termite resistance that has made the material very versatile and widely utilized. The heartwood can range in colour from dark chocolate through to pale fawns. The sapwood is a pale yellow. Cypress is easily distinguishable with its feature of black or dark coloured knots contrasting with the heartwood and sapwood. It also has a distinctive smell which is quite noticeable when the timber is freshly installed or sanded.

Cypress is usually used where Termites are a threat, very popular in country NSW and also a great alternative to hardwood if a budget is required. We strongly recommend to Oil Cypress ASAP after installation to reduce the amount of surface checking.

Heartwood Class 1 Durability – Termite Resistant – BAL Low – Non Leaching – Janka Hardness of 6.5
Standard sizes are – 42×42, 68×20, 90×21, 140×19 , 140×32 other sizes available

Cypress Pine

 

Grey Ironbark

 

Eucalyptus propiculata

The most common commercial species is Eucalyptus Paniculata. The heartwood of Grey Ironbark ranges from light grey or light brown with a red tinge at times occurring. Sapwood is slightly lighter in colour. Grey Ironbark may have various regional variations in its colour. Texture is moderately coarse and even with an interlocking grain.

Grey Ironbark is the best choice of the Australian Species for its Hardness, Durability and clean grain with very little natural features in it. A very popular Australian Hardwood.

Class 1 Durability above ground – Termite Resistant – BAL 19 – Slight Leaching – Janka Hardness 14
Standard sizes are – 65×19, 86×19, 136×19, 136×22 other sizes available

Grey Ironbark

 

Jarrah

 

Eucalyptus Marginata

Jarrah is a large sized hardwood found only in the south west of Western Australia. The heartwood varies from rich reds to deep browns, with sapwood being a clearly distinguished pale yellow. The texture is course and generally straight grained although some interlocked grain may feature and at times you will find the fiddleback figure.

Jarrah will give you a very deep rich Red Tone very unique in its colour than the species from the east coast.
Class 2 Durability above ground – Termite Resistant – BAL 29 – Slight Leaching – Janka Hardness 8.5
Standard sizes are 85×20, 130×20 other sizes available

Jarrah Decking

 

Merbau

 

Intsia bijuga

Merbau (Kwila) is a hardwood derived from South East Asia, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific Islands. It is harvested from tropical forests and in some cases may be sourced from forests legally converted to other land uses or areas where there are inadequate controls on logging. The colour of Merbau is described as a yellow-orange brown hue that will deepen to a deepened reddish brown colour with age. The sapwood is susceptible to Lyctid borer attach if left untreated.

One thing you must be careful of is Merbau has a high content of Tannin and when exposed to the outside elements you will get a high amount of tannin leaching/bleeding that can cause a lot of problems if you have concrete or other masonry surfaces in a close vicinity.
Class 1 above ground – Termite resistant – BAL 29 – Heavy Leaching – Janka hardness 8.6
Standard sizes are 42×19, 42×42, 70x19m 90×19, 140×19, 140×25 other sizes available

Merbau (2)

 

Northern Box

 

Tristaniopsis obovate

Northern Box (Pelawan) is imported from Malaysia and Indonesia and is a large hardwood with an extremely clean grain generally free of natural features. The heartwood is a reddish brown or purple grey-brown with a tight interlocked wavy grain. A little extra effort is required when using Northern Box as it is an extremely hard durable hardwood but the reward given for the extra effort when working with it is a longer lasting deck or screen that some other hardwoods on the market.

Class 1 above ground – Termite resistant – BAL19 – Non leaching – Janka hardness 14+
Standard sizes are – 68×19, 90×19, 140×22

Northern Box decking oiled with sikkens

 

Southern Box. 

 

Dryobalanops spp.

Southern Box is an imported hardwood found in the forests of Malaysia and Indonesia. Heartwood is a yellow, pink or reddish brown and will darken with exposure too side elements. Not as hard as some hardwoods on the market but still a durable hardwood it’s an easier timber to work with than others.
Class 2 above ground – not Termite resistant – BAL Low – Non Leaching – Janka hardness 6.1
Standard sizes are – 90×19, 140×22

Southern Box - Copy

 

Pacific Mahogany

 

Shorea

Pacific Mahogany is a large hardwood from Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. It has a light brown tone that will darken with age. Texture moderately fine and even with a tight interlocked grain. This is one of our biggest sellers as it’s easier to work with than a lot of other hardwoods will not bleed/leach and is a stable hardwood generally staying very straight.

Class 1 above ground – not Termite resistant- BAL 19 – Non Leaching – Janka hardness of 9.0
Standard sizes are – 68×19, 90×19, 140×22

Pacific Mahogany

 

Red Gum (Forest)

Eucalyptus tereticornis

A large Hardwood found from the districts of Warragul in Victoria and as far north as Cairns QLD. Heartwood is Red with lighter sapwood. Grain is interlocking with a coarse and even texture.

Red Gum is sometimes difficult to source so our stock can sometimes be low.

Class 1 above ground – Termite resistant – BAL 19 – Slight Leaching – Janka hardness of 14
Standard sizes are 86×19, 135×19 other sizes available

Red Gum Forrst

 

Red Ironbark

 

Eucalyptus sideroxylon

The most common Red ironbark’s are Mugger Ironbark (Eucalyptus sideroxylon), narrow-leaved Red Ironbark (E.creba) & broad-leaved Red Ironbark (E.fibrosa). Mugga Ironbark extends from VIC through NSW into southern QLD. Narrow-leaved Red Ironbark is found in the coastal, tablelands and western plains of central to northern NSW and just west of the Great Dividing Range. Broad-leaved Red Ironbark has a distribution from the south coast of NSW to central coastal QLD. The heartwood colour is deep red. Sapwood is a very distinctive pale yellow in colour. Texture is medium and even. Due to the different cross species and areas Red Ironbark is found always check colour of timber is what you re after.

Class 1 above ground – Termite resistant – BAL 29 – Slight Leaching – Janka hardness 14
Standard sizes are – 86×19, 136×19, 136×22 other sizes available

Red Ironbark

 

Silvertop Ash

 

Eucalptus sieberi

A large hardwood from the tableland areas of southern New South Wales. Silvertop Ash is similar to Blackbutt in appearance. With a very light brown colour sometimes with a pink tinge some say Blonde in colour it’s a great choice if you’re looking for a light colour deck.

Silvertop Ash has natural features like Gum Veins and pin holes so when choosing Silvertop Ash you need to expect some visible natural features.
Class 2 Durability above ground – not Termite Resistant – BAL 29 – Medium Leaching – Janka Hardness 9.6

Standard sizes are – 90×22, 140×22

Silvertop Ash

COMING SOON

 

Spotted Gum NSW

 

Corymbia Maculate Hook

NSW Spotted Gum is lighter than QLD Spotted Gum The heartwood colour range is quite broad from very pale browns through to dark browns; overall it is described as having light tan browns, greyish tones to a light to medium Brown appearance. Some samples may have a slightly orange tint in the lighter variations. The sapwood is distinctly paler. The grain is often interlocked and generally features some ‘fiddleback’ figure. This wavy type grain may be quite distinctive. Colours vary depending on the areas its grown in.

Class 1 Durability above ground -Termite Resistant BAL 29 – Slight Leaching -Janka Hardness 11
Standard sizes are 42×19, 40×40, 68×19, 86×19, 90×22, 130×19, 136×22, 136 x 32 other sizes available

Spotted Gum NSW

 

Spotted Gum QLD

corymbia maculate Hook

QLD Spotted Gum is darker than NSW Spotted Gum the heartwood colour range is quite broad from a light tannish brown to dark browns and at times a deep Reddish Tinge Overall one of the darkest brown species found in Australia. The sapwood is distinctly paler. The grain is often interlocked and generally features some ‘fiddleback’ figure. This wavy type grain may be quite distinctive. Colours vary depending on the areas it’s grown in.
Class 1 Durability above ground -Termite Resistant BAL 29 – Slight Leaching -Janka Hardness 11

Standard sizes are – 40×40, 68×19, 86×19, 136×19, 130×25, 136×32 other sizes available

Spotted Gum QLD

 

Tallowwood

Eucalyptus microcorys

A large hardwood found on the northern NSW coastal ranges moving up to Maryborough QLD. The heartwood is a yellowish brown with a hint of olive green. Tallowwood is free of gum veins but Pin- hole borers are found at times. It is also well known for its resistance to surface checking.
Class 1 above ground – Termite resistant – BAL 19 – Slight Leaching – Janka hardness 8.6

Standard sizes are – 65×19, 86×19,136×22 other sizes available

Tallowwood

 

Treated Pine (Standard)

 

pinus radiata

Treated Pine has been around for a long time and as most of us know who has used in the in past it can be very troublesome with the twisting and bowing that can sometimes happen. It is a soft wood so will not perform as well as hardwood for structural strength or defend itself as well in everyday wear and tear with under the foot traffic. There are many types of pine species used to produce treated pine on the market so a site inspection is recommended before purchase to ensure the quality is as expected.

Class 1 above ground, Termite resistant – BAL Low – Non Leaching – Janka hardness 4.0

Standard sizes are – 90-x22, 140×22

Treated Pine

 

Treated Pine (Southern Pine)

 

Pinus caribaea

Our Southern Treated Pine is a species of pine originating from the Central American region, Cuba and the Bahamas and is now grown in the northern regions of Queensland. It is 30% stronger than standard pine and a lot more stable making it more suitable of external decking than native pines from Australia. It is H3 treated for external use and will outperform your standard treated pine found in most retail outlets.

Class 1 above ground, Termite resistant – BAL Low – Non Leaching – Janka hardness 5.5

Treated pine (Southern Pine)

 

Treated Pine Caribbean

 

orchre infused southern pine

Our Caribbean Treated Pine is a species of pine originating from the Central American region, Cuba and the Bahamas and is now grown in the northern regions of Queensland. It is 30% stronger than standard pine and a lot more stable making it more suitable of external decking than native pines from Australia. The Caribbean Pine is H3 treated and at time of treatment is infused with an earthy brown colour to give it a slight hardwood appearance. We still recommend to apply an external decking oil once installed.

Class 1 above ground – Termite resistant – BAL Low – Non Leaching – Janka hardness 5.5
Standard sizes are 90×22, 140×22

Treated Pine Caribbean

 

Turpentine

 

Syncarpia glomulifera

A large hardwood grown in the rich soils of the high rainfall areas between Sydney and Cairns. Its known as one of the most difficult timbers to burn in Australia. Heartwood Reddish Brown and has a close resemblance to red tones found in Brushbox. It has quite a unique pattern in it grain and appearance.
Class 1 above ground – Termite resistant – BAL 29 – Slight Leaching – Janka hardness 12
Standard sizes are – 65×19, 86×19, 136×22

TURPENTINE DECKING

 

Yellow Stringybark

 

Eucalyptus muellerana

A medium to large hardwood found on the tableland areas of southern New South Wales. Known as one of the best Stringybark’s for wood quality Yellow Stringybark is very similar to Blackbutt in appearance. With a yellowish brown colour or some say Blonde it’s a great choice if you’re looking for a light coloured deck.

Yellow Stringybark has natural features like Gum Veins and pin holes so when choosing Yellow Stringybark you need to expect some visible natural features.

Class 2 above ground – Termite resistant – BAL 19 – Medium Leaching – Janka hardness 8.5
Standard sizes are 90×22, 140×22

Yellow Stringybark 90x22

 

W.A Karri

 

Eucalyptus Diversicolor

Karri is known as the giant tree of Western Australia, with examples in excess of 50 meters in height. It has quite rapid growth, and can attain enormous dimensions. It is found in the higher rainfall areas in the south west of Western Australia, favoring light loamy soils of good depth. The heartwood varies from rich reddish browns through to pale pinks with the sapwood being a clearly distinguishable light yellow. The texture is course and considerable interlocked grain may be a feature.

Class 2 above ground – not Termite resistant – BAL 29 – Non Leaching – Janka hardness 9.0
Standard sizes are – 65×19, 85×20, 135×20, 140×35, 140×45 other sizes available

W.A Karri decking

 

Western Red Cedar

 

Thuja plicata

A large softwood, the largest of the North American cedars, found in Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana. Heartwood is a pale brown to dark brown in appearance; the texture is fine with a straight grain. Western Red Cedar is too soft to use as decking but for screening and most outdoor joinery work it is one of the best materials to use. It is light, very easy to work with and will not require as much labor as hardwoods when its oiled as it holds oils and stains much better and for a longer amount of time that almost every other timber species.

Western Red Cedar can be a little more expensive but can even itself out with the lower labor requirements and the longer lasting finishes you will get. It also weathers very well outside with less surface check and natural movement than most other timbers.

Class 2 above ground -Termite resistant – BAL Low – Non Leaching – Janka hardness 2.0
Standard sizes are – 42×19, 40×40, 65×19, 90×19, 140×19, 190×19 other sizes available

WESTERN RED CEDAR

 

Timber Selection

 

Grades

 

 Select; this has the least amount of natural feature. In select grade you can get a small amount of natural features like gum vein and pin holes. Remember even select grade can sometimes have a small amount of natural feature.

Standard; the natural features are limited meaning the gum veins are small to medium in length; there are some small natural pin holes and small tight knots and swirls throughout the boards. This is a very popular grade as it has just the right amount of natural features to satisfy most people’s taste if they are after a natural looking floor at a great price.

Feature: This is what we call the “Timber Lovers Grade”. If you enjoy the look of all the natural features like gum veins and gum pockets, small knots, slight surface checking and other natural features in your timber floor then this is for you. The machining is the same as select grade and it is still as structural as select grade. You will have to do some filling with feature grade to get a smooth finish on your floors.

Prestige: is a mix of select and standard grades usually this grade is used in wider boards and at times in other sizes. Generally it’s the entire select grade from the run and the better boards from the standard grade.

Rustic: is when they usually have a prestige grade involved, so it generally the lower half of the standard grade boards and the feature grade boards mixed together.

Rustic Industrial: a new grade we have introduced to the market that is a mix of standard/feature/cover and homestead grades. We only supply this as a T&G Flooring profile and if used as a structural floor the layer must carefully select out the better boards and dock out any excessive splits, checking, large knots etc. This grade is for those who want a floor with high features and also a low budget cost floor covering.

Homestead: another new grade we have introduced that basically is a select grade looking board with sticker marks on the face of the boards.. While some of the stick marks will sand out or fade away when coated there are some that remain noticeable and as they are caused by human interference they do not pass as a feature under Australian Standards. This grade is sold around the same price as feature grade. Please call office for more details and sample pictures of floors that have been laid and polished to show finished results.

Cover/Utility; better known as auction grade. Not recommended for a polish finish. The grade consists of large gum veins, termite galleries, knot holes, excess surface checking and miss machining. It requires the installer to take a lot of care when selecting the boards and generally a lot more waste is required to get a reasonable looking polished floor.

 

Spotted Gum Select Grade
Spotted Gum Select Grade

Spotted Gum Standard Grade
Spotted Gum Standard Grade

Spotted Gum Feature Grade
Spotted Gum Feature Grade

Homestead Grade Spotted Gum
Homestead Grade Spotted Gum

Blackbutt Rustic Industrial Grade
Blackbutt Rustic Industrial Grade 

 

Board Size

 

When selecting the board size you need to assess the job site to determine the best option for the particular job. For instance if you have a modern home with large glass panels or Panoramic doors opening inside to the outside you should avoid wide cover boards as they are prone to cupping and more likely to expand and contract with atmospheric changes when installed in certain applications. 

For solid flooring there are many different widths and thicknesses designed for all types of applications so it is best to talk to our experienced sales team members to determine the best choice for your application.

 

Finishes

 

With so many types of finishes available these days it is best to get some advice from the installer of your floor or give our sales team a call to discuss the best option for your application.

Polyurethane – Solvent Based; this particular type of coating provides the highest durability, film build up and also the highest gloss levels. It also has the strongest solvent smells and also has the highest toxicity levels when being applied. One problem that can occur when using this product type is edge bonding where the coatings bonds the boards together, this can cause severe splitting on the boards surface.

Polyurethane – Water Based; the most common coating these days that also has the widest range of products that fall under this category. Water based coatings are the healthier option not only for the home owner but also the contractor as there are no strong solvent smells. Also edge bonding is less a problem with water base decreasing the chance of face splits with excess movement in the floor.  Water based products will also give you a more natural looking finish with some products now available like Loba Invisible that looks and feels like there is nothing on the floor.  With all this comes a slightly higher price tag but not enough to blow the budget.

Penetrating Oils and Waxes; are waxes and natural oil blends, usually a choice when you’re after a coating with very low Volatility and some of these products meet the Green building council of Australia’s guidelines for the VOC emissions. This coating provides a very natural look but can require a higher level of maintenance.

Oil Based Finishes – Curing Oils; some types include “Tung or Linseed” they are designed to dissolve in mineral turpentine or white spirits and also contain some added chemicals for the curing of the product. This is a low budget coating that doesn’t last as long as other coatings and also has a few problems over time with darkening of the timber with age and yellowing of the boards especially under covering like rugs etc.

Oil Modified Urethanes; are a spirit based waterborne coating with an oil and small amount of urethane in them. They can vary quite a bit from different brands and product ranges with the same brand to contain more or less urethane portions and by having different levels of urethane it can make the product more durable and flexible to help achieve different results. Oli modified urethanes also have some issues with yellowing with age but are a popular choice as they have  a middle of the range price tag and still have  reasonable amount of durability and good edge bond resistance.

 

Contact Abbey Timber Today!

 

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