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Timber Species

Cypress Pine – Callitris Glaucophylla

It is extremely hardy, surviving poor soil conditions and low rainfall. The heartwood is durable with an excellent termite resistance that has made the material very versatile and widely utilised.   The heartwood can range in colour from dark chocolate through to pale fawns. The sapwood is a pale yellow. Cypress is easily distinguishable with its feature of black or dark coloured knots contrasting with the heartwood and sapwood. It also has a distinctive smell which is quite noticeable when the timber is freshly installed or sanded.

Brush Box Classic – Lophostemon Confertus

Brush Box is a large hardwood which grows from the central coast of New South Wales up to Bowen in Queensland. The tree tends to be found on the edge of rainforests, suited to the moist forest conditions and transition zones between hardwood and rainforest. The heartwood ranges from rich reddish browns through lighter browns and to pinkish greys. The texture is fine and even with the grain usually showing the characteristic interlocking. This is an attractive feature, particularly in exposed/polished situations such as flooring. The timber is free of gum vein.

Blackbutt (New England) – Eucalyptus Campanulata

England Blackbutt is sourced from the coastal ranges and tablelands of northern NSW and southern Queensland. On the tablelands it is sometimes found in pure stands, although it is more commonly the dominant species within stands containing other tableland species such as Messmate (E. obliqua), Manna Gum (E. viminalis), Brown Barrel (E.fastigata) and several Stringybarks. The material is very similar in appearance and properties to Blackbutt (E. pilularis). The colour ranges from pale browns to straw blondes, with gum veins being a common feature. The grain is usually quite straight.

Blue Gum (Simial) – Eucalyptus Saligna

Sydney Blue Gum is a tall tree, found along the New South Wales coastline extending from Batemans Bay in the south to southern Queensland. The timber is usually straight grained with a small percentage showing some interlocking grain. The texture is moderately coarse. The heartwood colour ranges from dark pink to reddish brown. The sapwood is typically distinctly paler in colour and is susceptible to lyctid borer attack. Gum vein and gum pockets are common.

Black Butt (Coastal) – Eucalyptus Pilularis

Blackbutt is one of the most common species of hardwood commercially available from the coastal forests of NSW. It grows in the coastal forests of NSW from Bega on the south coast up to Maryborough in Queensland. The timber has a colour ranging from a golden yellow through to pale browns. The colour range is subtle and is excellent where the colour requirement is light and neutral. The sapwood is distinctly lighter than the heartwood.

Messmate – Eucalyptus Obliqua

Messmate grows in Tasmania, Victoria and New South Wales. The heartwood is a pale brown with only slight variation. The sapwood is a pale yellow and quite distinguishable. The grain is quite course with some interlocking grain and gum vein being common.

Karri – Eucalyptus Diversicolor

Karri is known as the giant tree of Western Australia, with examples in excess of 50 metres in height. It has quite rapid growth, and can attain enormous dimensions. It is found in the higher rainfall areas in the south west of Western Australia, favouring light loamy soils of good depth. The heartwood varies from rich reddish browns through to pale pinks with the sapwood being a clearly distinguishable light yellow. The texture is course and considerable interlocked grain may be a feature.

Jarrah – Eucalyptus Marginata

Jarrah is a large sized hardwood found only in the south west of Western Australia. The heartwood varies from rich reds to deep browns, with sapwood being a clearly distinguished pale yellow. The texture is course and generally straight grained although some interlocked grain may feature.

Grey Ironbark

Ironbark is the hardest timber of all the Australian species. The most common commercial species is Eucalyptus Paniculata – another species is E. siderophloia. The heartwood of the Grey Ironbarks ranges from light grey or light chocolate with some darker reds and browns sometimes occurring. Sapwood is slightly lighter in colour. Grey Ironbark may have various regional variations such as the ‘Black Ironbarks’ around Port Macquarie, which have similar light colours with black narrow to broad streaks running through the timber. Texture is moderately coarse and even.

Flooded Gum (Rose Gum) – Eucalyptus Grandis

Flooded Gum (also known by the trade name of Rose Gum) is a large hardwood that grows in the moist soils along the east coast of Australia ranging from around Bulahdelah in New South Wales up to northern Queensland. The heartwood is a pink to pale red-brown with the sapwood not clearly distinguishable. The grain is straight and the texture is moderately course and even. The timber often features the work of the scribbly borer. This insect leaves a small trail mark in a weaving or ‘scribbling’ pattern on the timber.

Stringybark (Mixed)

A blend of a number of eucalyptus varieties native to various areas of New South Wales. All are very similar in grain pattern and colour. The texture of strinybark is moderately fine and even with a straight grain. It is generally a light coloured timber ranging from pale yellows through to soft golden tones.

Yellow Stringy Bark- Eucalyptus Muellerana

Yellow Stringybark is found in the coastal plains and adjacent ranges of Victoria and southern New South Wales. Yellow Stringybark is the best of the commercially available stringybarks in terms of properties. The heartwood is yellowish brown with a pinkish tinge. The sapwood is slightly paler. The texture is medium and even, with the grain often being interlocked. The timber resembles Blackbutt in colour and texture.

Spotted Gum – Ecorymbia Maculata

The heartwood colour range is quite broad from very pale browns through to very dark browns. Some samples may have a slightly orange tint in the lighter variations. The sapwood is distinctly paler. The grain is often interlocked and generally features some ‘fiddleback’ figure. This wavy type grain may be quite distinctive.

River Red Gum – Eucalyptus Camaldulensis

Found along many of the river systems in Australia, particularly along the rivers and valleys of the Murray-Darling river system. The species, given the riverside habitat, is often subject to submersion in flood conditions, and can withstand such conditions for long periods enjoying an enviable reputation for its durability, strength and aesthetics. The heartwood is red to reddish brown in colour with the sapwood being distinctly paler. The texture is moderately coarse and even. The grain is commonly interlocked with frequent gum veins.

Red Ironbark

The most common Red Ironbarks are Mugga Ironbark (Eucalyptus sideroxylon), narrow-leaved Red Ironbark (E. creba) & broad-leaved Red Ironbark (E. fibrosa). Mugga Ironbark extends from VIC through NSW into southern QLD. Narrow-leaved Red Ironbark is found in the coastal, tablelands and western plains of central to northern NSW and just west of the Great Dividing Range. Broad-leaved Red Ironbark has a distribution from the south coast of NSW to central coastal QLD. The heartwood colour is deep red. Sapwood is a very distinctive pale yellow in colour. Texture is medium and even.

Timber Selection

Finishes

There are a number of different finishes available for all applications, please have your floor installer discuss the best options for your floor.

Timber Floors are easy to clean, the hard smooth surface holds less allergen such as pollen, pet hair, dirt and dust. Timber floors can last and look beautiful for a lifetime and increase the value of your home.

We can have one of our many sub-contracter based customers contact you for the installation side of things where you can deal direct with the person who will be responsible for the workmanship of the job. Also saving you a large amount of money because you cut out the middle man. They have the skills to design any style of solid strip floor, boarders and inlays to customize your room.

Raw solid strip flooring is traditional and timeless in any home. We offer a variety of domestic and exotic species. Installation of a raw solid strip floor and finishing it on site gives you the smoothest surface and eliminates the bevel look of the pre-finished wood flooring.
Also, because it comes in longer lengths, it will minimize the amount of noise the floor has and with less joins will look a lot nicer and more natural.

Board sizes

There are a few different board sizes you have to choose from.
Standard sizes in hardwood are 80 x 19, 130 x 19 and 180 x 21, however there are also a few new sizes designed to go direct over concrete and plywood, 80 x 12 and 180 x 14.

Standard sizes in cypress are 62 x 19, 85 x 19, 98 x 19 and 135 x 19.

There are a few decisions you need to make before you purchase your new timber floor.

Colour Choice

Choose the colour group you prefer for your timber floor before deciding on a specific timber. There are generally three colour groups: creams, browns, and reds.

Grades

Select; This has the least amount of natural feature. In select grade you can get a small amount of gum vein and pin hole as well as colour variations. Remember even select grade can sometimes have a small amount of natural feature.

Standard; The natural features are limited meaning the gum veins are small to medium in length, there are some small natural pin holes and small tight knots and swirls throughout the boards. This is a very popular grade as it has just the right amount of natural features to satisfy most peoples taste if they are after a natural looking floor at a great price.

Feature: This is what we call the “Timber Lovers Grade”. If you enjoy the look of all the natural features like gum veins and gum pockets, small knots, small amount of surface checking and colour variations in your timber floor then this is for you. The machining is the same as select grade and it is still as structual as select grade.

Cover/Utility; Better known as Auction grade. Not recommended for a polish finish. The grade consists of large gum veins, termite galleries, knot holes, excess surface checking and miss machining.

We encourage our customers to come into our warehouse/showroom to see for themselves the different grades we can supply.

Species Hardness & Grading

I’ve seen some of the hardest hardwoods such as Ironbark look trashed after a few short years because it was not taken care of properly.

All Hardwoods Will Ding, Dent, and Scratch.

While it’s true harder hardwoods are more resistant to damaging, they will still ding, dent, and scratch under the right conditions.

My feeling has always been buy what you like and take care of it.

Looked at from another perspective, years ago nobody talked about hardness. Then it was pine, oak, and more pine and oak. Today they still represent a large portion of the floors people buy for their homes and they last!

Contact Abbey Timber Today!

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